سفر به اروپا

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سفر به اروپا نام فيلم سينمائي است كه محصول سال ٢٠١٣ به كارگردانى خليل يوسفى و تهيه كنندگى عيسى احمدى ميباشد.
بانوان مريم شريفى، پروانه رحمتى و آقاى قيص پيدايش نقشهاى اصلى و مكمل را در اين فيلم بر عهده داشتند.
اين فيلم, داستان سفر مهاجرى را به تصوير كشيده كه سحر نام دارد. وى بعد از پشت سر گذاشتن مشقات و مشكلات زياد، خود را به همراه خانواده اش به يونان ميرساند.
اين خانواده در يونان به دنبال قاچاق بر ميباشند كه بتوانند خودرا به يكى از كشورهاى اروپايى به غير از يونان برساند، اما از طالع بد ايشان به دام أفراد سود جو و سو استفاده گر گرفتار ميشوند. سحر خاطرات تلخ و شيرين خودرا از جريان سفرش به اروپا در دفتر خاطراتش مينويسد، آقاى يوسفى در ادامه افزود:” اگر بگويم كه آخر فيلم به كجا ميرسد آن موقع كسى نخواهد اين فيلم را ببيند”.
جشنواره فيلم استكهلم با ابتكار انجمن كلوپ قلم و حمايت دولت سوئدن براى پنجمين بار ميزبان فيلمهاى افغانى از سرتاسر اروپا و افغانستان بود، كه در اين دور فيلم سينمايى سفر به اروپا هم شامل بخش مسابقه اين جشنواره شده بود كه متاسفانه بدليل مشكلات فنى اكران نشد.
در گفتگويى كه بنده (نويسنده) با آقاى خليل يوسفى در رابطه با اكران نشدن اين فيلم در جشنواره و شايئعاتش داشتم، ايشان با اشاره به اينكه تمام شايئعات و حرفهاى پشت سرى كذب و دروغى بيش نيست افزود: اكران نشدن فيلم در جشنواره فقط يك دليل داشت و آن هم كه ما از خاطر كمبود وقت نتوانستيم فيلم را به دى وى دى تبديل كنيم و به صورت دى سى پى فرستاديم.
يوسفى در ادامه افزود: آقاى غفورى مسئول پنجمين جشنواره فيلم استكهلم “كتبا اعلام كردند كه بدليل كمبود وقت و امكانات از اكران فيلم بصورت دى سى پى معذوريم”.
كارگردان فيلم سينمايى سفر به اروپا در انتها از تمامى دوستانى كه در عرصه هنر فعاليت ميكنند درخواست كه كمتر به شايئعات بى أساس دامن بزنند و به موضوعات، واقعى بنگرند و جوياى صحت خبر شوند قبل از اينكه شخصى برخورد كنند با موضوع.
يوسفى وعده كرد كه در آينده اى نزديك اين فيلم در سينما هاى اروپا اكران خواهد شد و اميد دارد كه كمكى شده باشد براى فهماندن بهتر شرايط بد مهاجرين به دنيا به خصوص كشورهاى مهاجرپذير.
خليل يوسفى يكى از فيلم سازان جوان عرصه هنر سينما است كه فيلم سفر به اروپا اولين كار اين كارگردان ميباشد.

نويسنده: ادريس جويا-آلمان
خبرنگار و عكاس آزاد

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خليل يوسفى در پشت صحنه فيلم سفر به اروپا

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Who is the Talib?

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In the time around 1971, when radical Islamic theories where born in Afghanistan through the influence of the Mujaheddin, the CIA initiated a project which followed these tendencies. Back then, the name of the project was hardly known to anyone, while nowadays everyone is familiar with it: Taliban.

History

The concept was in accordance with the situation in Afghanistan at that time. People where illiterate and mostly believed what mullahs would tell them. Of course, this circumstance was widely used to spread propaganda. The Mujaheddin made people fight against the Sowjet Union in 1971 to 1981 to win the war.
Ten years later, after the Russians had left the country to hands of the Mujaheddin, the different religious leaders fought over presidency and split up Kabul, the capital city, amongst them into four districts. The contract between them scheduled a two month long reign for each of the leaders in a rotating system. But after the first president, Sebqatullah Mujadedi had served his two months, the second president, Burhanuddin Rabbani tried to stay in office with the use of violence. A civil war erupted in Kabul and Afghanistan, in which afghans fought against afghans, who belonged to different ethnic groups. Pashtuns fought against Hazaras, Uzbeks against Tajiks. In this time from 1992 until 1996, 25.000 to 30.000 afghan civilians died according to official record, while the informal number reaches up to half a million.
In September 1996, the Taliban, who had until then had played a minor role in Afghanistan, took over Kabul in a military strike. From then on, they had the country under their control. There was constant fighting though with the National Front that had formed itself under Ahmad Shah Massoud, the former Mujaheddin leader. Many people died from the Taliban’s atrocities so as violence and suppression against women and ethnic cleansing of minorities like the Hazara.

According to Plan

Until 2001, when the Taliban had gained foothold as the government, everything had worked out according to plan for the US and the CIA. But Massoud’s forces continued fighting the Taliban movement. On his visit to Europe in spring 2001, he voiced concernes that his secret service had information that an attack on american ground would take place very soon. Massoud was killed shortly after in a suicidal bombing attack on September 9th 2001.
When the planes crashed into the twin towers two days later, there where no more obstacles in the way of the US. Just a month later, George W. Bush invaded Afghanistan. 15.000 Afghan civilians died (according to US statistics) in the war that followed.

Vultures on the Corpse

Not without reason has Afghanistan for long carried the name „Heart of Asia“. The geographic position is perfectly located in the center of many important countries in the middle east, providing proximity to the Arabian Sea, to Iran, Israel and Palestine, Pakistan or Saudi Arabia. To be added are the rich mineral resources below the surface. But the US weren’t the only country wanting to profit from these benefits. Soon, several nations began to place their soldiers at the Hindukush under the smokescreen of a peacekeeping mission. Today, they add up to 50 countries, collectively known as ISAF. Obviously, in wars, profit always plays an important role. This includes the trade of arms and weapons to different parties of the conflict. Soon, an extensive problem started forming itself. The Taliban, once a heterogenic group, began splitting up amongst itself. Not only the US, but every country now had it’s own Talib who they used as puppets to secure their power. They made use of the Taliban, who had been trained in Pakistan, to gain stabilty in the country.
Fact is, no one really wants peace and freedom for Afghanistan. If this would become the case one day, the presence of foreign troops would become unnecessary. The US and the other nations would lose all the geostrategic benefits, and the flourishing arms trade would run dry.

Afghanistan Carries the Cost

The Taliban’s identity can no longer be defined clearly. The USA, Iran, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Tchechnia and even Germany have meanwhile installed their own Talibanistic forces in Afghanistan. The CIA has lost complete control of it’s project and has really harmed itself in the end. The Taliban, who where born in Pakistan and raised by the US, have now been adopted and instrumentalized by the rest of the world. Enduring the suffering that results from this, is left to Afghanistan and it’s people.

Edris Joya
Afghan freelance journalist, Germany

Afghan 007 Has Died

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Gholam Yahya Hussaini from Parvan province, Afghanistan, has died from a heart attack today in Kabul. He was the only trusted person who carried information between the two leaders Mazari and Massoud during the civil war from 1992 to 1996 in Afghanistan . During that time, the Uzbeks, Hazaras, Tajiks and Pashtuns where fighting against each other, while he remained standing.
When Burhanuddin Rabbani was president in 1992, he was marshal Fahim’s assistant, who himself is now Karzai’s accomplice. After the civil war, when both Mazari and Massoud had died, he still had good contact with their both brothers and their parties. But he didn’t want to become a minister or diplomat. Instead of gaining position in the government, he remained as a silent force behind the curtain.
Today, Karzai, the Mujaheddin leaders and lots of other important people in Afghanistan have sent out their condolence messages in remembrance of Hussaini. The remaining question is, what was his real identity and how much information did he have that we don’t? Why did he not publish them all in a book? What meaning is behind the wave of reactions in Afghanistan? Was he a real spy? Or just a trustworthy person, who remained this way until death? Who could answer these questions? He has now taken these informations to the grave.

Edris Joya
Freelance journalist, Germany

جيمز باند افغانى وفات كرد

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پهلوان غلام يحيى حسينى، متولد ولايت پروان ولسوالى سرخ پارسا ( دره تركمن) امروز حامد كرزى، احمد ضيا مسعود و تمامى سران جهادى، دولتى و غير دولتى براى وفات ايشان پيام تسليت دادند و هر كدام به نوبه خود ابراز تاسف و تأثر از مرگ ايشان كردند.
پهلوان يحيى در دوران جهاد تنها معتمدى بين استاد مزارى و احمد شاه مسعود بود، وى تنها پل ارتباطى بين دو طرف بود و حتى بعد از جنگهاى داخلى هم با برادر مسعود و محقق، خليلى و ديگر سران جهادى در يك تعامل بسيار خوب، از وى به عنوان يك قدرت پشت پرده ياد ميشود كه هيچ وقت نخواست كه رياست و يا وزارتى را در اختيار داشته باشد، امروز با مرگش، خود و تمام اطلاعاتى را كه داشت با خود به زير خاك برد.
واقعا پهلوان يحيى در مجموعه استخباراتى چه نوع اطلاعاتى را داشت؟ چرا تلاش كرد كه هميشه پشت صحنه باشد؟ جواب تمام اين سؤالات را بايد از كى پرسيد؟
به هرصورت بنده هم به نوبه خود وفات ايشان را ضايعه اى براى ملت افغانستان دانسته و از ايزد منان براى ايشان طلب آمرزش كرده و صبر جزين براى خانواده ايشان از درگاه خداوند خواهانم.

ادريس جويا
خبرنگار آزاد-آلمان

افغانستان، لاشه اى بى صاحب

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خراسان كبير(افغانستان) با توجه به پيشينه اى تاريخى و فرهنگى كه دارد، يكى از قديمي ترين
و كهن ترين كشورهاى خاورميانه به شمار مى آيد.
علاوه بر قدامت تاريخى و فرهنگى كه اين كشور را از ديگر ممالك متمايز ميسازد موقيعيت جغرافيايي اش است كه به لحاظ استراتژيكى بسيار حائز اهميت بوده و است كه شرق را به غرب و شمال را به جنوب وصل ميكند، از اين رو “قلب آسيا” مينامند افغانستان را.
از بسيارى تا كنون افغانستان از لحاظ زمين شناسى و معدن در اين عصر كاملا بكر مانده باوجود اينكه سرشار از معادن و صنايع طبيعى است.
در طول تاريخ بسيارى از ابر قدرتها، اين كشور كهن را مورد استسمار خود قرار دادند از جمله انگليس و شوروى سابق و ثروتهاى اين سرزمين علم و هنر را به يغما بردند.
بعد از جنگهاى داخلى كه بوسيله أشخاص دست نشانده همسايه ها از جمله ايران، پاكستان و كمى دورتر عربستان سعودي و ايالات متحده آمريكا أداره و رهبرى ميشد، توانستند خون هاى بيشمارى زيادى را بريزانند، بسيارى را هم مهاجر و بى وطن سازند و كشور را به مخروبه اى تبديل كنند.
اين موضوع خود باعث شد كه قدرت ديگرى را در آن سوى اقيانوسها مانند آمريكا وسوسه شود تا بوسيله بن لادن و طالبان از اين فرصت بى نصيب نمانند و يازده سپتامبر ٢٠١١ را بهانه اى خوبى پيدا كردند تا خودرا براى افغانستان نيم جان صاحب جديد معرفى كند.
آمريكا كه نميخواست تجربه شوروى سابق را تكرار كند در نتيجه با اتحاديه اروپا يك جا به افغانستان لشكر كشى كردند تا اگر هم غرق شدنى در كار باشد، يكجا در افغانستان غرق شوند.
كما كان اين موضوع به وضوح روئيت ميشود و تمام دنيا شاهد اين مسئله هستند كه اين سرزمين مردان كهن را هر كدام به سهم خود قسمت بندى كرده إند و در حال نشخوار اين بدنه بى دفاع ميباشند كه خود لاشه اى خوب براى كشورهايى مانند، آمريكا، انگليس، آلمان، ايتاليا، فرانسه و چهل و هفت كشور ديگر عضو ناتو تبديل شده است.
در انتهاى اين مقاله خطاب به جوانان، جوانانى كه أهل علم، هنر، صنعت و سياست هستيد، از شما تمنا دارم كه شما بايد سكان اين كشتى فرسوده را كه بسوى گردآب روان است، بدست بگيريد.

ديگر بس است وطن فروشى، بس است بى وطنى، ديگر بس است جنگ و خون ريزى

ادريس جويا
خبرنگار آزاد-آلمان

پيوند هنر با تفنگ

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گذرى در صورت داشتن وقت برنامه شبخند را با گردانندگى آصف جلالى در يوتوب ميبينم. اينكه جلالى چقدر موفق بوده، چقدر به ديگران اهانت ميكنه، چقدر سواد آكادميكى هنرى داره به كنار.
در برنامه قبلى كه جلالى داشت با مهمان پهلوان ايشان كه مايل به اشتراك در مسابقات جهانى كشتى كج هستند، دكور تغيير كرده بود و در پشت صحنه دقيق تر بگويم پشت سر جلالى ماكت يك أسلحه كمرى در تصوير ديده ميشد، سوال اينجاست كه يك فرد با نفوذ اجتماعى خوب در بين جامعه افغانى، چرا بايد يك تفنگ در پشت صحنه اش باشد؟ هدف كارگردان از چنين تصويرى چه بوده؟ آيا هنر و تفنگ با هم در جامعه افغانى پيوند خوده اند؟ اگر اينطور نيست پس چرا تفنگ در صحنه خو نمائي ميكند؟
همه و همه دست به دست هم دادند و مرا وادار به نوشتن اين مطلب در اينجا كرد، حالا ريش و قيچى در اختيار شما و آزادانه نظرات خود را اعلام كنيد تا من و ديگران نيز مستفيد شوند.

September 4th 2009 – An Open Wound

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If someone would decide to bomb a large group of people whilst being aware of the fact that civilians are most likely to be among them he would probably face massive legal prosecution. The court in Bonn, Germany, has now declared that the man who did excactly this, was doing nothing but his job.
It was on September the 4th, when two tank trucks loaded with petrol got stuck in the shallow bed of Kunduz river. The trucks had been abducted by the Taliban the day before, but had then been abandoned in the mud for the moment. At night, more than a hundred Afghans from a dozen surrounding villages gathered around the vehicles to look for things that might still be of use, like clothes or food. Especially the prospect of free gas, which many couldn’t afford, attracted people of all different ages.
In the Camp of german soldiers 15 kilometres away, the commander of „provincial reconstruction team Kunduz“ colonel Georg Klein receives reports on the gathering of Afghans on the trucks that where captured the day before. Believing that the people on the Kunduz river sand bank are opposing military insurgents, he orders US-force bombers to deliver heavy artillery. When the bomber pilotes send live video pictures from their front cameras that show a huge group of people, they ask colonel Klein several times if they should not rather try to chase away the people by flying close to the ground. His answer is a clear no. But nstead of the six bombs that Klein had instructed, the pilots drop two. Their doubts are to be cofirmed as justified.
In this night, more than 130 people die. Nearly fourty are children from the age of five to 16, the rest are mostly farmers, tractor drivers, common people. But most importantly, they were fathers to a total of over 160 children who’s families are now on their own. In fact, no more than five of the people killed where members of the Taliban.
While the lives of so many where destroyed in a few minutes, back in Germany colonen Klein has been promoted to a higher position within the military. Two victims of the Kunduz massacre had pledged for compensation at the high court in Bonn: Abdul Hannan, who had lost his two sons aged eight and twelve, and Quraisha Ra’uf who’s husband was killed in the NATO bombing attack. She now has to raise six children on her own. But on December 11th, their attorney Karim Popal had bad news for them. Klein and the federal republic of Germany had not been found guilty. The colonel for example said, he could only identify tiny black dots on the video screens. Also he could’t be sure that there was no cooperation with the enemy, the Taliban. All in all, this judgement has been very unsatisfying not only for the attorney Popal and the victims Hannan and Ra’uf, who have to carry the trial costs by themselves. It is seen very critically throughout Germany, but for the Afghan people and all the victims of Kunduz it is a humiliation to see the man who killed their children has not even been suspended from office, but even gets to work in a higher position. Justice has not been done, considering that the Kunduz massacre in 2009 was the worst atrocity by German soldiers since 1945. Karim Popal promised to initiate another trial.
The jugement that has been made in Bonn is yet another symbol for the inequality in treatment of people in the Middle East and the west. The former german politician and author Jürgen Todenhöfer sums this up with the statement: „In the last few years, Afghanistan has whitnessed several 9/11s.“

Edris Joya, afghan freelance journalist

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