Tag Archives: Taliban

Demo in Stuttgart gegen Abschiebung nach Afghanistan 

​Am 22.10.16 versammelten sich mehr als 1.400 Menschen, zum Großteil afghanische Geflüchtete, zu einer friedlichen Kundgebung auf dem Schlossplatz in Stuttgart. 

Sie protestierten gegen das „Joint Way Forward“ Abkommen zwischen der EU und der afghanischen Regierung, welches auf der Geberkonferenz am 04. und 05. Oktober 2016 in Brüssel abgeschlossen wurde. Das Abkommen sieht vor, 15,2 Milliarden US Dollar an Entwicklungshilfe für die nächsten vier Jahre nach Afghanistan zu schicken. Gekoppelt sind die Zahlungen jedoch an die Rückführung von mehr als 80.000 afghanischen Asylsuchenden aus der EU nach Afghanistan. Allein 40.000 davon sollen aus Deutschland abgeschoben werden. 

Hiergegen demonstrierten am vergangenen Wochenende in fast allen großen deutschen und europäischen Städten afghanische Geflüchtete zusammen mit Menschenrechtsorganisationen und Organisationen zur Unterstützung von Flüchtlingen. Ihre Botschaft an die EU und die Bundesregierung war eindeutig: Afghanistan ist kein sicheres Herkunftsland, und für die Sicherheit der Rückkehrer gibt es keinerlei Gewährleistung. Von 34 Provinzen gelten 31 als unsicher, und mindestens 75% der afghanischen Bevölkerung wurden mindestens einmal in ihrem Leben zu Vertriebenen. Die Zahl der zivilen Todesopfer und Verletzten ist, auch nach 15 Jahren „Krieg gegen den Terror“, auf einem tragischen Rekordniveau.

Afghanistan war im Jahre 2015, mit über 200.000 einreisenden Asylsuchenden in Europa, der Großteil davon in Deutschland, eines der vier am stärksten vertretenen Herkunftsländer von Geflüchteten. Die Abschiebungspläne der Europäischen Union und der Bundesregierung lösen bei ihnen Angst, Verzweiflung und massive psychische Belastungen aus. Nachdem die Schutzquote afghanischer Geflüchteter in Deutschland von 80% im Jahre 2015 auf aktuell nur 52,9% abgesunken ist, wird den Afghanen der Integrationskurs nicht mehr finanziert. Diese Faktoren behindern in großem Maße die Integration und Eingliederung afghanischer Geflüchteter in die deutsche Gesellschaft.

Bei der Kundgebung in Stuttgart solidarisierten sich zahlreiche Sprecher und Flüchtlingsorganisationen mit den demonstrierenden Afghanen. Unter ihnen war auch Heike Hänsel, Bundestagsabgeordnete und Mitglied der Partei „Die Linke“, die für ihre Rede tosenden Applaus erntete. Sie erklärte, dass der Westen nun einmal mit Flüchtlingen rechnen müsse, wenn er ständig Waffen in Krisengebiete exportiert.

Edris Joya, afghanischer Freier Journalist, Menschenrechts- und Flüchtlingsexperte und Mitorganisator der Kundgebung, beklagte, dass Afghanen in Deutschland als „Geflüchtete zweiter Klasse“ behandelt werden. „Wir sind heute hier, weil auch wir, die Afghanen, leben wollen, weil wir eine neue Kultur, eine neue Sprache, eine neue Gesellschaft kennen lernen wollen“, so Joya. „Keiner von uns hat seine Heimat gern verlassen – doch um zu überleben, hatten wir keine andere Wahl, als zu fliehen.“

Isaac Gonzales von der Böblinger Organisation „Wir sind da“ sprach sich dagegen aus, dass die Rückführungen zur Bedingung für weitere Hilfsleistungen an Afghanistan gemacht werden. Wenn rund 14 Millionen Euro Entwicklungshilfe als Gegenleistung zu 80.000 Abschiebungen nach Afghanistan gezahlt werden, so Gonzales, könne sich jeder selbst ausrechnen, wie viel ein Menschenleben wert sei.

Weitere Sprecher waren Masooma Torfa, die in Stuttgart Wirtschaftswissenschaften im Master studiert, Ishwar Dass und Rawinder Singh Bewas vom Zentralrat afghanischer Sikhs und Hindus e.V., sowie auch Ramin Sabet, Sprecher der Deutsch-Iranischen Völkerfreundschaft Stuttgart.

Musikalisch untermalt wurde die Kundgebung durch den Komponisten Bernhard König, der auch Leiter des „Fugato“-Projekts der Württembergischen Philharmonie ist, bei dem unbegleitete minderjährige Flüchtlinge gemeinsam Musik machen. Begleitet wurde er durch den Musiker Alan Wallach, der auch bei Fugato mitwirkt. Des Weiteren traten die afghanischen Musiker Shekib Mosadeq aus Hamburg und Masud Hassanzada aus Kabul auf. Mosadeq, der selbst aufgrund seiner politischen Songtexte Afghanistan verlassen musste, singt zu aktuellen Themen wie Flucht und Asyl, nicht ohne dabei auch Gesellschaftskritik zu üben.
Autorin: Elena Smith

Fotos: Privat

1. Oktober – internationaler Tag der Hazara!

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Seit Jahrzehnten sind die Hazara, eine der ethnischen Gruppen Afghanistans, Opfer von Verfolgung, Diskriminierung und Völkermord.

Für die internationale Gemeinschaft sind ihre Leiden so gut wie unsichtbar.

Hauptgrund für die Verfolgung der Hazara ist die Zugehörigkeit zum schiitischen Glauben. Militante Gruppen wie die Taliban oder die pakistanische Lashkar-e-Jhangvi führen regelmäßig gezielte Anschläge aus.

Zentrum der Gewalt ist die pakistanische Stadt Quetta an der Grenze zu Afghanistan, in der 500.000 Hazara als Flüchtlinge auf engstem Raum leben. Allein in dieser Stadt wurden seit 1999 über 1.500 Hazara getötet und mehr als 3.500 verletzt.
Im Februar 2013 kamen über 180 Hazara in Quetta bei einem Bombenanschlag ums Leben, was weltweit für Schlagzeilen sorgte.

Doch noch immer sind die Hazara ihrem Schicksal überlassen und müssen täglich ums überleben kämpfen. Ihre Situation verdient die weltweite Aufmerksamkeit. Deshalb werden heute am 1. Oktober auf der ganzen Welt Demonstrationen, Kundgebungen und Veranstaltungen abgehalten, um die Hazara aus der Unsichtbarkeit hervorzuholen.

Informieren auch Sie sich!
Unter:

http://www.hazarapeople.com/

http://m.hrw.org/reports/2014/06/30/we-are-walking-dead

http://worldhazaracouncil.org/en/

Sorry Latifa, You are a Hazara

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It was a pleasant day in Lal-o-Sar Jangal, Ghor Province Afghanistan. Latifa was thrilled since morning because she was going to Kabul City with her husband today for the honey moon. Her husband, Nauroz had already told her to get all necessary stuff ready by 10pm.

Nearly a month ago, she got married with Nauroz, his village mate. She was just 22 years old, a young lady with full of dreams to enjoy the marriage life. It was early morning, when she left her bed to start the day but it was not the routine day. She couldn’t sleep properly as the honeymoon excitement kept her awake nearly all night. She hurriedly prepared breakfast for the family. Her blood was running fast in her veins. She seemed flying today—feeling over the moon. She wanted to finish all house chores as quick as possible and she also wanted to finish packing before the set time.

In the evening, her parents visited her home to see off her. She cooked a sumptuous dinner for the family. All family members enjoyed the dinner. Latifa promised to bring beautiful wool shawls, scarves from Kabul and warm shoes for her mother-in-law.

It was around 10pm, when her husband asked her to leave home. She kissed her elders’ hands to seek their blessings. In traditional Hazaragi dress, she was looking stunning with a bridal scarf. They both left home and arrived at the bus station, where a mini-bus was waiting to get them on board. The driver put their bags on the roof and tied them up. The commuters took a sigh of relief when the bus started moving forward.

“We will arrive in Kabul in the afternoon,” the driver said loudly and sped the bus bit fast.

“Why the bus doesn’t go in the morning?” she asked her husband inquisitively.

“It’s safe at night rather than in the day light,” Nauroz replied confidently.

The mini-bus was going slowly but the commuters could easily feel the jerk and the bump as it was running on the rough and unpaved road. The bus was swaying to either side when it moved bit fast. However, Latifa wasn’t feeling the knock and jolt because she was thinking about Kabul City, her honeymoon.

“Do you know which place we should see first in Kabul?” she asked.

“What do you think?” her husband replied.

“I don’t know. This is my first time going to Kabul.”

“After lunch in Kabul, we’ll take a rest for a few hours, and then we’ll go to the cinema. We’ll watch a Hindi film. What do you think?”

“Sounds great to me.”

She didn’t know how Kabul looks like. She heard a lot about Kabul City, especially Bagh-e-Babur, Bagh-e-Bala, Qargha, Kabul Zoo, cinemas and of course shopping malls. The beautiful national park Band-e-Amir and historical Bamiyan city known for its giant Buddhas were also in her list before coming home.

When the bus reached Feroz Koh, it stopped.

“Why it’s stopped?” she asked curiously.

“I think, it’s a normal checking by the authorities—not to worry,” her husband explained.

Three bearded armed men got on the bus. One of them put the gun on the head of the driver and shouted to get off the bus.

“Who are they? What are they doing?” she asked nervously.

“I don’t know—may be Taliban. Don’t know,” Nauroz said fearfully.

Both of the armed men were pulling commuters off the bus. She couldn’t believe her eyes, when a dark bearded armed man with thick eyebrows and a large nose dragged her out of the bus. She was horrified. She was made to line up beside the bus with other commuters. She also saw more armed men who were getting passengers out of the three buses and were lining them up. The women and children were crying. Armed men were asking everybody to show their ID Cards. She didn’t know, why they were asking ID Cards?

After checking ID Cards, the armed men were letting some commuters to go, while some others’ hands were being tied on their back. She started crying when her husband’s hands were tied on the back. She realized that only Hazaras were being singled out and lined them up against the bus. The armed men were kicking and punching Hazaras. After excluding Hazaras from others, armed men started torturing and shooting including women. She also felt something in her head and after that she didn’t know, what happened to her.

In the morning, the horrifying news struck to the national media and the social media networks. 15 innocent people were shot dead in Feroz Koh area including three women and a 9-month old child. Nobody was found injured. They were shot killed because they were Hazaras and Shias. Latifa’s body was lying dead beside her husband. Her hands were also tied on the back. She received several bullets but the bullet in the head took her life. She was killed because she was a Hazara and it was the only crime.

As routine, Kabul government issued clichéd statement vowing to bring terrorists to book. It’s worth mentioning, that for the past one month, around 50 Hazaras have so far been slaughtered by the religious terrorists in different parts of Afghanistan. No single terrorist in this regard was brought to justice, which is a matter of great concern for Hazaras in Afghanistan.

Angry protesters from different parts of Afghanistan including Kabul, Herath, Mazar-e-Sharif, Bamiyan and Daykundi even from Quetta City, Pakistan took to the street to expressed their solidarity with aggrieved family members and demanded Kabul Government to stop the killings of Hazaras in Afghanistan and provide full protection to its citizens. Many believe that if the recent ongoing Hazara killings were not stopped immediately by the government, it would further divide Afghanistan on ethnic lines.

Tuesday 29 July 2014, by Muhammad Younas

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Edris Joya and his wife together agains racism to Hazara killing

Fifteen Hazara civilians shot dead in Ghor/Afghanistan

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Suspected Taliban gunmen stopped two vehicles in central Afghanistan and shot dead 15 Hazara passengers at the side of the road, police in Ghor province have said.

Only one man escaped after the gunmen held up two vehicles on a road in the province and shot dead 10 men, four women and one child, police said.

“Armed gunmen stopped two vehicles and shot dead the passengers,” Abdul Hai Khatibi, spokesman for the governor of Ghor province, told the AFP news agency.

“They ordered all passengers to stand in one line, and then they shot them dead one by one.

“One man managed to flee. All of the others were shot in the head and chest.”

The apparently sectarian killings included a newlywed couple. The Hazara Passengers may have been on the way back from celebrating the marriage.

Hazaras are not safe at any place in Afghanistan, as Taliban have killed many passengers on their way to home.

Behsood is another victim of Taliban by the name of Kochi, burning the home of innocent Hazaras.

According to recent UN figures, civilian casualties soared by 24 percent in the first half of 2014, while the International Crisis Group has said the “overall trend is one of escalating violence and insurgent attacks.”

هيچ جنگى، جنگ خوب نيست

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اگر به سيزده سال پيش برگرديم، روز و شبى كه موشك هاى آمريكايى كابل را نشانه ميرفتند و بيش از يك و نيم ميليون نفر أعم أز كودكان، زنان و غير نظاميان، كشته شدند.
بعد از آن گروه تروريستى طالبان كشور را به دو ديده تقديم آمريكا و بعدش ناتو كردند.
ريس جمهور وقت آمريكا جورج بوش گفت: ما براى دموكراسى اين جنگ را عليه تروريزم انجام داديم. اين بدان معنى كه ما يك جنگ خوب انجام داديم و تروريزم را شكست داديم.
حالا عبدالله عبدالله و پيروانش تصميم به تشكيل يك دولت موازى يا مستقل دارند كه قطعن بدون جنگ نميشود زيرا كه مردم افغانستان از ريس تا فقير هيچكدام ديپلماسى را نميفهمند و تنها زبانى كه متاسفانه در شرايط اين چنينى در افغانستان رايج است، زبان جنگ است.
در نهايت به نظر من اگر تا يك ماه ديگر جنگ داخلى در افغانستان صورت نگيرد، ديگر هيچ زمانى صورت نخواهد گرفت. چرا كه دوران گذار افغانستان سپرى شده و اين جنگ به اصطلاح خوب رفته رفته دامنه اش به جنوب آسيا و آسياى ميانه خواهد كشيد. در آن صورت جنگ بر سر برداشتن تروريست نخواهد بود يا بر سر
قدرت بلكه آن موقع حكومت جهانى مطرح است و يك نظام فراگير كه بيخش هم برميگرده روى ميز ملكه إليزابيت…

Who is the Talib?

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In the time around 1971, when radical Islamic theories where born in Afghanistan through the influence of the Mujaheddin, the CIA initiated a project which followed these tendencies. Back then, the name of the project was hardly known to anyone, while nowadays everyone is familiar with it: Taliban.

History

The concept was in accordance with the situation in Afghanistan at that time. People where illiterate and mostly believed what mullahs would tell them. Of course, this circumstance was widely used to spread propaganda. The Mujaheddin made people fight against the Sowjet Union in 1971 to 1981 to win the war.
Ten years later, after the Russians had left the country to hands of the Mujaheddin, the different religious leaders fought over presidency and split up Kabul, the capital city, amongst them into four districts. The contract between them scheduled a two month long reign for each of the leaders in a rotating system. But after the first president, Sebqatullah Mujadedi had served his two months, the second president, Burhanuddin Rabbani tried to stay in office with the use of violence. A civil war erupted in Kabul and Afghanistan, in which afghans fought against afghans, who belonged to different ethnic groups. Pashtuns fought against Hazaras, Uzbeks against Tajiks. In this time from 1992 until 1996, 25.000 to 30.000 afghan civilians died according to official record, while the informal number reaches up to half a million.
In September 1996, the Taliban, who had until then had played a minor role in Afghanistan, took over Kabul in a military strike. From then on, they had the country under their control. There was constant fighting though with the National Front that had formed itself under Ahmad Shah Massoud, the former Mujaheddin leader. Many people died from the Taliban’s atrocities so as violence and suppression against women and ethnic cleansing of minorities like the Hazara.

According to Plan

Until 2001, when the Taliban had gained foothold as the government, everything had worked out according to plan for the US and the CIA. But Massoud’s forces continued fighting the Taliban movement. On his visit to Europe in spring 2001, he voiced concernes that his secret service had information that an attack on american ground would take place very soon. Massoud was killed shortly after in a suicidal bombing attack on September 9th 2001.
When the planes crashed into the twin towers two days later, there where no more obstacles in the way of the US. Just a month later, George W. Bush invaded Afghanistan. 15.000 Afghan civilians died (according to US statistics) in the war that followed.

Vultures on the Corpse

Not without reason has Afghanistan for long carried the name „Heart of Asia“. The geographic position is perfectly located in the center of many important countries in the middle east, providing proximity to the Arabian Sea, to Iran, Israel and Palestine, Pakistan or Saudi Arabia. To be added are the rich mineral resources below the surface. But the US weren’t the only country wanting to profit from these benefits. Soon, several nations began to place their soldiers at the Hindukush under the smokescreen of a peacekeeping mission. Today, they add up to 50 countries, collectively known as ISAF. Obviously, in wars, profit always plays an important role. This includes the trade of arms and weapons to different parties of the conflict. Soon, an extensive problem started forming itself. The Taliban, once a heterogenic group, began splitting up amongst itself. Not only the US, but every country now had it’s own Talib who they used as puppets to secure their power. They made use of the Taliban, who had been trained in Pakistan, to gain stabilty in the country.
Fact is, no one really wants peace and freedom for Afghanistan. If this would become the case one day, the presence of foreign troops would become unnecessary. The US and the other nations would lose all the geostrategic benefits, and the flourishing arms trade would run dry.

Afghanistan Carries the Cost

The Taliban’s identity can no longer be defined clearly. The USA, Iran, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Tchechnia and even Germany have meanwhile installed their own Talibanistic forces in Afghanistan. The CIA has lost complete control of it’s project and has really harmed itself in the end. The Taliban, who where born in Pakistan and raised by the US, have now been adopted and instrumentalized by the rest of the world. Enduring the suffering that results from this, is left to Afghanistan and it’s people.

Edris Joya
Afghan freelance journalist, Germany

September 4th 2009 – An Open Wound

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If someone would decide to bomb a large group of people whilst being aware of the fact that civilians are most likely to be among them he would probably face massive legal prosecution. The court in Bonn, Germany, has now declared that the man who did excactly this, was doing nothing but his job.
It was on September the 4th, when two tank trucks loaded with petrol got stuck in the shallow bed of Kunduz river. The trucks had been abducted by the Taliban the day before, but had then been abandoned in the mud for the moment. At night, more than a hundred Afghans from a dozen surrounding villages gathered around the vehicles to look for things that might still be of use, like clothes or food. Especially the prospect of free gas, which many couldn’t afford, attracted people of all different ages.
In the Camp of german soldiers 15 kilometres away, the commander of „provincial reconstruction team Kunduz“ colonel Georg Klein receives reports on the gathering of Afghans on the trucks that where captured the day before. Believing that the people on the Kunduz river sand bank are opposing military insurgents, he orders US-force bombers to deliver heavy artillery. When the bomber pilotes send live video pictures from their front cameras that show a huge group of people, they ask colonel Klein several times if they should not rather try to chase away the people by flying close to the ground. His answer is a clear no. But nstead of the six bombs that Klein had instructed, the pilots drop two. Their doubts are to be cofirmed as justified.
In this night, more than 130 people die. Nearly fourty are children from the age of five to 16, the rest are mostly farmers, tractor drivers, common people. But most importantly, they were fathers to a total of over 160 children who’s families are now on their own. In fact, no more than five of the people killed where members of the Taliban.
While the lives of so many where destroyed in a few minutes, back in Germany colonen Klein has been promoted to a higher position within the military. Two victims of the Kunduz massacre had pledged for compensation at the high court in Bonn: Abdul Hannan, who had lost his two sons aged eight and twelve, and Quraisha Ra’uf who’s husband was killed in the NATO bombing attack. She now has to raise six children on her own. But on December 11th, their attorney Karim Popal had bad news for them. Klein and the federal republic of Germany had not been found guilty. The colonel for example said, he could only identify tiny black dots on the video screens. Also he could’t be sure that there was no cooperation with the enemy, the Taliban. All in all, this judgement has been very unsatisfying not only for the attorney Popal and the victims Hannan and Ra’uf, who have to carry the trial costs by themselves. It is seen very critically throughout Germany, but for the Afghan people and all the victims of Kunduz it is a humiliation to see the man who killed their children has not even been suspended from office, but even gets to work in a higher position. Justice has not been done, considering that the Kunduz massacre in 2009 was the worst atrocity by German soldiers since 1945. Karim Popal promised to initiate another trial.
The jugement that has been made in Bonn is yet another symbol for the inequality in treatment of people in the Middle East and the west. The former german politician and author Jürgen Todenhöfer sums this up with the statement: „In the last few years, Afghanistan has whitnessed several 9/11s.“

Edris Joya, afghan freelance journalist

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