Tag Archives: USA

هيچ جنگى، جنگ خوب نيست

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اگر به سيزده سال پيش برگرديم، روز و شبى كه موشك هاى آمريكايى كابل را نشانه ميرفتند و بيش از يك و نيم ميليون نفر أعم أز كودكان، زنان و غير نظاميان، كشته شدند.
بعد از آن گروه تروريستى طالبان كشور را به دو ديده تقديم آمريكا و بعدش ناتو كردند.
ريس جمهور وقت آمريكا جورج بوش گفت: ما براى دموكراسى اين جنگ را عليه تروريزم انجام داديم. اين بدان معنى كه ما يك جنگ خوب انجام داديم و تروريزم را شكست داديم.
حالا عبدالله عبدالله و پيروانش تصميم به تشكيل يك دولت موازى يا مستقل دارند كه قطعن بدون جنگ نميشود زيرا كه مردم افغانستان از ريس تا فقير هيچكدام ديپلماسى را نميفهمند و تنها زبانى كه متاسفانه در شرايط اين چنينى در افغانستان رايج است، زبان جنگ است.
در نهايت به نظر من اگر تا يك ماه ديگر جنگ داخلى در افغانستان صورت نگيرد، ديگر هيچ زمانى صورت نخواهد گرفت. چرا كه دوران گذار افغانستان سپرى شده و اين جنگ به اصطلاح خوب رفته رفته دامنه اش به جنوب آسيا و آسياى ميانه خواهد كشيد. در آن صورت جنگ بر سر برداشتن تروريست نخواهد بود يا بر سر
قدرت بلكه آن موقع حكومت جهانى مطرح است و يك نظام فراگير كه بيخش هم برميگرده روى ميز ملكه إليزابيت…

Who is the Talib?

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In the time around 1971, when radical Islamic theories where born in Afghanistan through the influence of the Mujaheddin, the CIA initiated a project which followed these tendencies. Back then, the name of the project was hardly known to anyone, while nowadays everyone is familiar with it: Taliban.

History

The concept was in accordance with the situation in Afghanistan at that time. People where illiterate and mostly believed what mullahs would tell them. Of course, this circumstance was widely used to spread propaganda. The Mujaheddin made people fight against the Sowjet Union in 1971 to 1981 to win the war.
Ten years later, after the Russians had left the country to hands of the Mujaheddin, the different religious leaders fought over presidency and split up Kabul, the capital city, amongst them into four districts. The contract between them scheduled a two month long reign for each of the leaders in a rotating system. But after the first president, Sebqatullah Mujadedi had served his two months, the second president, Burhanuddin Rabbani tried to stay in office with the use of violence. A civil war erupted in Kabul and Afghanistan, in which afghans fought against afghans, who belonged to different ethnic groups. Pashtuns fought against Hazaras, Uzbeks against Tajiks. In this time from 1992 until 1996, 25.000 to 30.000 afghan civilians died according to official record, while the informal number reaches up to half a million.
In September 1996, the Taliban, who had until then had played a minor role in Afghanistan, took over Kabul in a military strike. From then on, they had the country under their control. There was constant fighting though with the National Front that had formed itself under Ahmad Shah Massoud, the former Mujaheddin leader. Many people died from the Taliban’s atrocities so as violence and suppression against women and ethnic cleansing of minorities like the Hazara.

According to Plan

Until 2001, when the Taliban had gained foothold as the government, everything had worked out according to plan for the US and the CIA. But Massoud’s forces continued fighting the Taliban movement. On his visit to Europe in spring 2001, he voiced concernes that his secret service had information that an attack on american ground would take place very soon. Massoud was killed shortly after in a suicidal bombing attack on September 9th 2001.
When the planes crashed into the twin towers two days later, there where no more obstacles in the way of the US. Just a month later, George W. Bush invaded Afghanistan. 15.000 Afghan civilians died (according to US statistics) in the war that followed.

Vultures on the Corpse

Not without reason has Afghanistan for long carried the name „Heart of Asia“. The geographic position is perfectly located in the center of many important countries in the middle east, providing proximity to the Arabian Sea, to Iran, Israel and Palestine, Pakistan or Saudi Arabia. To be added are the rich mineral resources below the surface. But the US weren’t the only country wanting to profit from these benefits. Soon, several nations began to place their soldiers at the Hindukush under the smokescreen of a peacekeeping mission. Today, they add up to 50 countries, collectively known as ISAF. Obviously, in wars, profit always plays an important role. This includes the trade of arms and weapons to different parties of the conflict. Soon, an extensive problem started forming itself. The Taliban, once a heterogenic group, began splitting up amongst itself. Not only the US, but every country now had it’s own Talib who they used as puppets to secure their power. They made use of the Taliban, who had been trained in Pakistan, to gain stabilty in the country.
Fact is, no one really wants peace and freedom for Afghanistan. If this would become the case one day, the presence of foreign troops would become unnecessary. The US and the other nations would lose all the geostrategic benefits, and the flourishing arms trade would run dry.

Afghanistan Carries the Cost

The Taliban’s identity can no longer be defined clearly. The USA, Iran, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Tchechnia and even Germany have meanwhile installed their own Talibanistic forces in Afghanistan. The CIA has lost complete control of it’s project and has really harmed itself in the end. The Taliban, who where born in Pakistan and raised by the US, have now been adopted and instrumentalized by the rest of the world. Enduring the suffering that results from this, is left to Afghanistan and it’s people.

Edris Joya
Afghan freelance journalist, Germany

وطن فروشى

دعوت از كرزى براى رفتن به تهران و ديدار و گرفتن خط مشى از بادار ايرانيش، حسن روحانى و در حاشيه ماندن آمريكا و محل نگذاشتن به وزير دفاع آمريكا، تمام اينها كرزى را امروز در تاريخ سياه افغانستان جاودانه كرد تا براى ديگران درس عبرتى باشد كه وطن فروختن يا به عبارتى طالب نيكتايى پوش بودن سخت نيست فقط كمى همت ميخواهد كه كرزى از خود نشان داد.

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BSA – Bargaining over Signatures in Afghanistan

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Apart from the actual meaning of the acronym BSA, bilateral security agreement, “bargaining over signatures in Afghanistan” could also be a possible translation. The BSA contract, which is currently being negotiated between Afghanistan and the US, will regulate the future presence of US troops in the war torn country after 2014. Despite the planned withdrawal of all NATO soldiers, there are talks that a small part of the americans will remain in certain military bases to insure stability and continue training of afghan security forces. Although the draft is completed, president Hamid Karzai’s signature is still missing on the document.

The placement of foreign troops in Afghanistan has always been viewed from very diverging opinions throughout the country. While a respectable part of the population considers the presence of NATO military as necessary to secure stability, some would also go so far as to speak of a western “occupation” and a modern form of colonialism.
But on the other hand, what reasons makes the US want to stay in Afghanistan, on it’s own expenses, even if the stability pact expires in 2014 and the “peace mission” comes to an end? Worldwide belief in the altruistic motivation of the former Bush and the current Obama administration to bring peace administration to bring peace to Afghanistan and fight the have faded away long ago. Rather it is widely accepted that the US takes advantage of the convenient geo strategic position of the country that is referred to as the heart of Asia. If the BSA comes into effect, it will be possible for the US military to maintain bases close to the important capital cities of neighbouring countries like Iran or Russia. Furthermore, the proximity to the Arabian Sea will guarantee flawless supply of military missions in the Middle East. An extendet stay in Afghanistan can bring massive opportunities for the USA.

This is a fact that Karzai is fully aware of. To discuss the contract, he scheduled a Loya Jirgain November, even if the desicion has no legal power because only the parliament can determine if the pact will be accepted or not. Through this move, the president shows that he takes the opinion if tribal leaders and the population into account. But although the Loya Jirga has accepted the BSA, Karzai has still not signed the contract. Rather he has added more conditions to the security pact, like the one that soldiers should have no more permission to raid afghan homes, and that all afghan prisoners that are held in Guantanamo bay should be released and can return to their home country.
This has put the US under pressure. Even if they threaten to withdraw all troups immediately if Karzai doesn’t sign until the end of the year 2013, a so called zero option, it is very unlikely they will do so. This way, Karzai can push through his aims. He said he might even wait with signing until after the elevations in April 2014. Also, through counselling the Loya Jirga, he gained their sympathy. If they are against the elections taking place, they would most likely be impossible to be taken through, and like this Karzai can remain president even if legally this is not possible because he has already been in power for two legislative periods.

It all depends on Karzai’s signature now. If he agrees to the contract, he will be the one who has secured stability for his country and also brought pressure on US troups to respect afghan lives. If he doesn’t, he will make history as the man who freed Afghanistan from it’s “occupation” while it will be in his successors hand to sort out the future of the country without the security of foreign troups. At the moment, it is at his hands to play games with the US by taking his time. In the end, every one of the options that are open at the moment will bring a win-win situation for him.

Edris Joya
Afghan freelance journalist, Germany